Gardening by Brian Minter
August is a very important transitional time in our vegetable gardens. Some vegetables are still maturing, but many others have finished completely, leaving gaps here and there that could still produce a few crops. In the Lower Mainland and the Valley, fast crops like lettuce, brassicas, peas, beans, radishes, swiss chard and beets can easily go in now, especially from started crops or transplants, for harvesting in October and November.
In southwestern B.C., our vegetable gardens can be producing twelve months a year, and even in some colder parts of the province, selective planting can be done. Potted perennial vegetables, like horseradish, Jerusalem artichokes and rhubarb, can be planted now for harvest next spring. Perennial herbs like mint, parsley, chives, marjoram and oregano can also be planted for late fall and winter additions to your culinary dishes. Keep in mind that September is the best time to plant garlic for next year.
For some delicious spinach-like greens, swiss chard can be planted now. Once established, it will tolerate a fair bit of cold before it either freezes or goes dormant. The same is true of spinach. ‘Perennial spinach,’ which is actually a chard, and West Coast Seeds’ ‘Bloomsdale Savoy’ are two varieties that can be used in 45 days.
Lettuce is, by far, the most popular of greens, and seeded now, almost any variety of leaf lettuce will do just fine. The ‘Butter Crunch’ type matures in about 60 days, while the loose leaf varieties, like ‘Black Seeded Simpson’ and ‘Red Sails’, will be on your table in 45 days. My favourite though is the ‘Simply Salad’ series of four different blends for late September and October enjoyment.
Certain varieties of bunching onions and scallions can still be planted for fall harvests because they mature in 60 days. Up until that time, you have the greens to enjoy. There are also hardy winter varieties you can plant now for harvesting in spring. Believe it or not, ‘Walla Wallas’ are the hardiest onion and can be transplanted out now.
Who can’t find a spot for radishes? Almost any variety matures in 25 days and in drier weather, you will find fewer maggots. Keep them out of old cabbage areas and rake a little wood ash into the soil for better maggot control.
Many folks also transplant the late ‘Lacinato’(Black Tuscan), ‘Winterbor’ and ‘Redbor’ kale at this time of year, as well as late broccoli, late cabbage and yes, even self-blanching cauliflower. Winter hardy leeks can go in now as well, to round out your winter gardens.
You will probably not have enough empty spaces to plant all these wonderful fall vegetables, but give some a try.